A. THE COUNTRY
The Kingdom of Cambodia is a fertile, forest-covered state of southwest
Indo-China on the Mekong River. The government is a constitutional
monarchy operated as a parliamentary representative democracy.
Corruption profoundly affects political life. The 2010-2011 international
trials of four leaders for war crimes and crimes against humanity during
the 1970’s Communist genocide should help in the healing of deep wounds.
Cambodia is one of the world’s poorest countries and is heavily
dependent on foreign aid. Issues include the selling of much land to
foreigners by unscrupulous officials who kept the income, illegal
logging, homeless/orphaned children, child labourers, sex trade victims
(high HIV rates), drug abuse and trafficking, and the loss of most of
those with skills or an education during the Khmer Rouge slaughters.
Agriculture, garments and tourism are most important to the economy.
Offshore oil/gas deposits promise income with commercial extraction
beginning in 2011.
B. THE PEOPLE
The population is ~15,054,000 and the official language Khmer.
~87.9% are Mon-Khmer, ~7.7% Other Southeast Asian, ~4.1% Chinese,
~0.3% Other (various Western and South Asian groups).
C. RELIGIONS AND CHRISTIANITY/PENTECOSTALISM
Buddhism is the national religion. Since 1990 Christians have been
allowed to worship openly, but a few limitations on mission activity
have been legislated as well.
~83.34% are Buddhist, ~4.8% Ethnoreligionist, ~3.13% claim to be
Christian, ~2.97% Non-religious, ~2.85% Chinese, ~2.3% Muslim, ~0.26%
Other, ~0.22% Hindu, ~0.13% Baha’i.
In the Christian category:
~1.46% are Protestant, ~1.2% Unaffiliated, ~0.25% Independent, ~0.16%
Catholic, <0.01% Anglican.
Evangelicals represent ~1.6% of the population.
Charismatics represent ~1.3% and of those ~1% are Pentecostals.
Operation World, Jason Mandryk. Colorado Springs: Biblica Publishing, 2010.