A. THE COUNTRY
The Republic of El Salvador is the smallest and most-densely populated
Spanish-speaking mainland state in Central America. It is sub-tropical
and susceptible to earthquakes. The government is a Presidential
parliamentary democracy. 30% of Salvadoreans live abroad and send
remittances home, keeping many out of poverty. Coffee and light
industry are the main economic activities, and the service industry
employs the majority. Elections and economics now replace death squads
and assassinations since the 1992 peace accord.
B. THE PEOPLE
The population is ~6,195,000 and the official language Spanish.
~90.1% are Hispanic, ~9.5% Amerindian, ~0.4% Other.
Large numbers of youth are involved in powerful gangs, having attracted
up to 70% of young men, partially orphaned by absent fathers.
C. RELIGIONS AND CHRISTIANITY/PENTECOSTALISM
The constitution recognizes the legal status of the Catholic Church, but
there is freedom of religion for other denominations and faiths.
~94.63% claim to be Christian, ~4.9% Non-religious, ~0.4% Baha’i, ~0.03%
Muslim, ~0.03% Buddhist, ~0.01% Jewish.
In the Christian category:
~65.06% are Catholic, ~26.83% Protestant, ~10.79% Independent, ~0.1%
Evangelicals represent ~31.6% of the population.
Charismatics represent ~30.6% and of those ~23.5% are Pentecostals.
Other groups originating in Western society represent ~3.04% of the
Operation World, Jason Mandryk. Colorado Springs: Biblica Publishing, 2010.