TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO
A. THE COUNTRY
The Republic of Trinidad and Tobago consists of the larger island,
Trinidad, and the smaller, Tobago, in the Southern Caribbean. It is
northeast of South America and is outside the hurricane belt. The
elected parliamentary government flip-flops between Afro-Trinidadian and
Indo-Trinidadian. Politics generally polarize racially and bribery is
common. Oil and gas provide half of the export earnings. Low
inflation, trade surpluses and a growing tourist sector, added to a
strong industrial base, make for the strongest Caribbean economy.
Increasing crime and gang violence associated with the illicit drug
trade are worsened by endemic weaknesses in the policing/justice system.
B. THE PEOPLE
The population is ~1,344,000 and official language English.
~40% are Indo-Trinidadian, ~37.5% African origin, ~20.5% Mixed
ethnicity, ~0.6% Euro-Trinidadian, ~1.4% Other (Chinese, Lebanese).
Alcoholism, kidnapping, armed robbery and theft are dangerously common
and a high percentage of children are born out of wedlock and to teenage
C. RELIGIONS AND CHRISTIANITY/PENTECOSTALISM
~65.59% claim to be Christian, ~21.6% Hindu, ~5.8% Muslim, ~3.59%
Non-religious, ~0.82% Other, ~0.75% Baha’i, ~0.72% Sikh, ~0.4%
Ethnoreligionist, ~0.36% Chinese, ~0.27% Buddhist, ~0.1% Jewish.
In the Christian category:
~24.03% are Protestant, ~21.95% Catholic, ~12.4% Independent, ~6.18%
Anglican, ~0.59% Orthodox.
Evangelicals represent ~29.2% of the population.
Charismatics represent ~22.9% and of those ~13.2% are Pentecostal.
Operation World, Jason Mandryk. Colorado Springs: Biblica Publishing, 2010.