A. THE COUNTRY
Solomon Islands is a state of Oceania, east of Papua New Guinea,
consisting of nearly one thousand islands. There are seven major
volcanic islands and numerous smaller coral atolls. Government is a
constitutional monarchy (Queen Elizabeth II) and parliamentary system.
Political upheaval from 1998 to 2003 led to civil war, which killed
many, displace up to 30,000 and seriously hampered the economy. The
large majority depend on subsistence agriculture and fishing. Rich
mineral resources are largely undeveloped, although two goldmines are
close to being opened. Fishing and forestry are subject to
over-exploitation by overseas interests.
B. THE PEOPLE
The population is ~536,000 and official language English. There are
over 76 ethno-linguistic peoples. Unity as a nation is hindered by
ethnic diversity, fragmentation and geography.
~90.2% are Melanesean, ~4.2% Polynesian, ~1.2% Micronesian, ~4.6% Other
(Euronesian, Han Chinese).
C. RELIGIONS AND CHRISTIANITY/PENTECOSTALISM
~95.8% claim to be Christian, ~2.5% Other, ~1.1% Ethnoreligionist, ~0.6%
Baha’i. Two different Islamic groups are now making inroads.
In the Christian category:
~39.5% are Protestant, ~33.79% Anglican, ~19.6% Catholic, ~5.07%
Independent, ~2.46% Unaffiliated.
Evangelicals represent ~33.3% of the population.
Charismatics represent ~16.4% and of those ~4% are Pentecostals.
Operation World, Jason Mandryk. Colorado Springs: Biblica Publishing, 2010