A. THE COUNTRY
The Republic of Colombia, in the northwest corner of South America, is
mountains in the west and plains, forests and jungles in the east, and
is rich in resources. Most are employed in agriculture. Main exports
are manufactured good, oil, coal and cocaine. The government, an
unitary presidential republic, has made economic reforms and brought the
debt under control, and cracked down on violent groups, reducing murder,
kidnapping and crime rates. The drug trade is often controlled by
guerrilla groups or private armies of drug lords.
B. THE PEOPLE
The population exceeds 46 million, and there is a wide gap between rich
and poor. The official language is Spanish while 83 plus other
languages are also official in their territories. The Spanish-speaking
represent 97.5% with these estimates: Mestizo 57.6%, white 20%, mulatto
14%, African-Colombian 4%, and Zombo 1.9%.
Indigenous Amerindian represent 1.6%.
Other people are 0.9% (Jamaican ~0.5%, European, Asian, Middle Eastern).
C. RELIGIONS AND CHRISTIANITY/PENTECOSTALISM
~94.42% claim Christianity, ~2.9% Ethnoreligionist, ~2.4% Non-religious,
~0.16% Baha’i, ~0.07% Muslim, ~0.02% Hindu.
Jewish, Chinese and Buddhist equally represent ~0.01%.
Of those claiming the Christian category:
The Catholic Church has seen its role and influence greatly decrease but
remains the largest with ~82% adherents. Protestants are ~3.3%,
Independents are ~4.5%, and unaffiliated ~3.8%.
Rate of growth of Evangelicals has been significant to ~7.5%.
Charismatics are ~18% and of those, ~4% are Pentecostals.
Operation World, Jason Mandryk. Colorado Springs: Biblica Publishing, 2010.