A. THE COUNTRY
The Republic of Iceland is a European volcanic island country in the North Atlantic; mountainous, largely barren with many large glaciers. It is warmed by the Gulf Stream and has a temperate climate. A free market economy with one of the world’s highest living standards. Fishing and limited agriculture are being supplanted by tourism, hydro-energy and aluminum plants.
B. THE PEOPLE
Icelanders number over 329,000 and ~92% are descendants of the Norse and Gaelic who started settling in AD 834. The ~8% others are mostly European. Official language is Icelandic.
C. RELIGIONS AND CHRISTIANITY/PENTECOSTALISM
The Lutheran Church is still recognized as the state church, but there is freedom of religion. ~91% of the population claim to be Christian. ~8% are non-religious. Membership in the Lutheran Church is large with the evangelical Lutheran Free Church, next in numbers, followed by the Catholic Church. Evangelical believers are not many (~4%) but their numbers are growing. The Lutheran Free Churches, Pentecostals and charismatic churches are displaying unity and cooperation. The Pentecostal Church, together with World Horizon, runs a residential short term discipleship ministry.
Operation World, Jason Mandryk. Colorado Springs: Biblica Publishing, 2010.