A. THE COUNTRY
The Republic of Guinea-Bissau is a small coastal state in West Africa
that includes the Bijagos archipelago. Poverty, political unrest and
violent conflicts combine to depress this land. Elections in 2009
brought a new president to office. One of the world’s poorest
countries, Guinea-Bissau relies mainly on cash crops of cashew nuts, but
also on fish, hardwood and other agricultural products. There is
massive foreign debt and the country is a major transshipment point of
cocaine from Colombia to Europe.
B. THE PEOPLE
The population is ~1,800,000 and official language Portuguese. There
are over 27 ethnic groups. ~53.5% are Atlantic, ~21.7% Fulbe, ~11.9%
Malinke, ~11.9% Crioule, ~1% Other.
C. RELIGIONS AND CHRISTIANITY/PENTECOSTALISM
Freedom of religion exists for all groups. Blending of Islam and
Catholicism with African traditional religions is such that accurate
figures are difficult to obtain. ~52.05% are Muslim, ~35.1%
Ethnoreligionist, ~10.9% claim to be Christian, ~1.95% Non-religious.
In the Christian category:
~7.92% Catholic, ~1.43% Protestant, ~1.24% Unaffiliated, ~0.24%
Independent, ~0.07% are considered ‘marginal’.
Evangelicals represent ~1.6% of the population.
Charismatics represent ~0.9% and of those ~0.3% are Pentecostals.
Operation World, Jason Mandryk. Colorado Springs: Biblica Publishing, 2010.