A. THE COUNTRY
The Kingdom of Lesotho is a mountainous country completely surrounded by
South Africa with only 10% arable land. Government is a constitutional
monarchy (mostly ceremonial kingship) and a prime minister leads a
multiparty parliament. The nation is both protected and imprisoned by
its isolated geographical location. Dwindling agricultural returns, an
underdeveloped economy, widespread HIV/AIDS, urbanization, family
breakdown, endemic poverty and unemployment for much of the population,
and limited access to water are burdens for the country. Sources of
income include hydroelectricity, the textile industry, diamond mining
and remittances from laborers working abroad. Lesotho is highly
dependent on South Africa for trade.
B. THE PEOPLE
The population is ~2,100,000 and official languages Lesotho and English.
~99.4% are Bantu, 0.6% Other (European, Asian).
AIDS is the greatest challenge with an HIV infection rate of 23.2%.
C. RELIGIONS AND CHRISTIANITY/PENTECOSTALISM
~89.31% claim to be Christian, ~9.5% Ethnoreligionist, ~0.8% Baha’i,
~0.25% Non-religious, ~0.1% Hindu, ~0.04% Muslim.
In the Christian category:
~47.64% are Catholic, ~18.27% Protestant, ~13.4% Independent, ~5.37%
Anglican, ~4.2% Unaffiliated.
Evangelicals represent ~12.1% of the population.
Charismatics represent ~16.9% and of those ~3.6% are Pentecostals.
Operation World, Jason Mandryk. Colorado Springs: Biblica Publishing, 2010.