A. THE COUNTRY
The Togolese Republic is a long narrow country in West Africa. The
illegal appointment (by the army) of the former president’s son (2005),
the series of rigged elections and a political system that serves the
ruling party all perpetuate resentment between southern and central
people clusters. Agriculture is very important, with coffee and cocoa
being the main cash crops. The country is self-sufficient in basic food
stuffs. A lack of fiscal discipline in past years slowed the flow of
aid and investment. The agricultural economy is supplemented by
commerce, as well as phosphate and cement exports.
B. THE PEOPLE
The population is ~7,000,000 and official language French. Only two of
indigenous languages are used in education: Ewe/Mina and Kabiye. There
are 57 ethnic groups. ~47.4% are Guinean, ~45.5% Gur, ~6.5% Other
Sub-Saharan African, ~0.6% Foreign. Poverty is widespread and people
are vulnerable to prostitution and human trafficking.
C. RELIGIONS AND CHRISTIANITY/PENTECOSTALISM
~45.38% claim to be Christian, ~36.87% Ethnoreligionist, ~17.5% Muslim,
~0.25% Non-religious. Islam is growing in strength and Muslims dominate
commerce and education.
In the Christian category:
~25.29% are Catholic, ~13.92% Protestant, ~4.21% Independent, ~1.2%
Evangelicals and Pentecostals have grown rapidly since 1990.
Evangelicals represent ~10.7% of the population.
Charismatics represent ~10.6% and of those ~6% are Pentecostals.
The majority of the population, including many claiming Christianity,
still participate in animistic and voodo rituals.
Operation World, Jason Mandryk. Colorado Springs: Biblica Publishing, 2010.